Aadhaar Number is a 12-digit unique number. Uniqueness determined through biometric (fingerprints, iris scan, photograph) and demographic (home address) data. Aadhaar number is sufficient to apply for passport & used as valid ID & address proof to open bank accounts, for telecom, insurance and other services. These can be used in mutual funds, brokerage firms, portfolio managers and capital market entities.
You could take Aadhaar Number in two ways
- Through UIDAI( Unique Identification Authority of India) or through NRP (National Population Register)
- UIDAI-issued Aadhaar process is optional and has to be initiated by you. Either go to UIDAI website and take an appointment at the designated centres or visit the local govt set-up. A visit to an NPR camp is a must.
- One could enroll for Aadhaar by visiting any authorized Aadhaar enrolment centre of UIDAI, with ID and address proof. NPR (National Population Register) is based on demographic data collected during Census 2011, proposes to issue cards bearing Aadhaar numbers.
- A resident of an NPR state need not bother about UID, as UIDAI is being rolled out in 16 states, NPR is a nationwide project.
The UIDAI’s mandate is to issue a unique identification number (Aadhaar Number) linked to the resident’s demographic and biometric (10 fingerprints, 2 iris scans) information, which they can use to identify them anywhere in India, and to access a host of benefits and services.
National Population Register may issue a Resident Identity Card with photo, Aadhaar number & biometrics (10 fingerprints, 2 iris scans) stored on 64KB micro-processor chip. This enables off-line authentication of individuals using handheld devices.
Usual residents’ data will be used to verify legal residency. All usual residents must register. But, being in NPR doesn’t confer right to claim citizenship. NRIs won’t be in NPR as long as they are non-resident