Evolution of technology has been the foundation stone for progress of any economy. Over the centuries it has changed the way societies function. Now, almost every work uses technology. Technological inventions have revolutionized business environment and each sector of the society by reducing human labour, less time consumption and increasing productivity.
The Digital India programme is a flagship programme of the Government of India with a vision to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy. This campaign has been launched by the Government of India to ensure that Government services are made available to citizens electronically by improved online infrastructure and by increasing Internet connectivity or by making the country digitally empowered in the field of technology. It was launched on July 2015 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The initiative includes plans to connect rural areas with high-speed internet networks. Digital India consists of three core components, which are as follows:
- Digital Infrastructure as Core Utility to Every Citizens
- Governance and Services on Demand
- Digital Empowerment of Citizens
In Education sector, ‘SWAYAM’ scheme has been launched by the government, which provides an opportunity to students to access courses taught in classrooms from ninth standard to post graduation. It can be accessed by anyone, anywhere at any time. This digital scheme not only brings education at the door step of numerous students but also aims to bridge the divide as students who cannot join mainstream or formal education can access this application for their needs. Other digital platforms for education purpose are ‘ePATHSHALA’, ‘Mid-Day Meal Monitoring App’, ‘Shaala Sidhi’, ‘Shaala Darpan’, ‘OLABS’ and eGranthalya. These digital initiatives are very helpful in bringing education to the underprivileged.
In Health services, the various digital initiatives of the Government include ‘Digital AIIMS’, a project that aims to create an effective linkage between UIDAI and AIIMS; the ‘e-Hospitals’, an open source health management system; ‘mRaktkosh’, a web based mechanism that interconnects all blood banks of the state into a single network.
Besides health and Education the present Government has also taken various initiatives to digitize governance. For instance the ‘UMANG’ aims to bring one stop solution to all government services; ‘e-panchayat’, ‘eDistricts’ and ‘eOffice’ are also some of the services to digitize governance and administration in the country. The AADHAR scheme and BHIM App are also significant in speeding up the process cashless economy.
In agriculture sector, the Government’s Digital India initiative is also proving a number of schemes for the benefit of the farmer. Some of the schemes in the agriculture sector include, ‘mkisan’, ‘farmer portal’, ‘Kisan Suvidha App’, ‘Pusa Krishi’, ‘Soil Health Card App’, ‘eNAM’, ‘Crop Insurance Mobile APP’, ‘Agri Market App’ and ‘Fertilizer Monitoring App’.
For women’s safety, government has also launched various applications like ‘Nirbhaya App’ and ‘Himmat App’ that facilitate sending of distress calls. There are also apps for law enforcement agencies, courts and judiciary.
India is one of the fastest growing economies of world with the largest young population. India has an immense opportunity to change the face of the society, country & economy with digital revolution. It is very beneficial to the grass root level and especially to the less privileged sections of the society.