We establish organisation to fulfil needs of society and also to earn money. After establishing organisation we need to establish good management in the organisation, because management perform efficient and effective function. Then for establishing sound principle of management we need to hire managers who have ability, required skills, proper motivation and satisfaction and never ending passion to achieve new heights. So, it is clear that three term organisation, management and manager are different from each other but in business all three term are interrelated.
Manager perform certain roles and certain functions. Functions of a manager is to assigned tasks according to the authority level as well according to the job description of the position of the manager. On the other hand roles indicate what a manager is expected to do as a person of conscientiousness.
Important function of manager are given below:
PLANNING (including creating vision, mission, goal setting, setting objectives): planning is the process by which a manager anticipates the future and discovers alternatives courses of action which help in achieving organisation objectives.
Vision refers to creating and articulating a realistic, credible, attractive position of the future of an organisation or organisational unit.
Mission refers to the broad purpose that the society expects from the organisation to serve.
Goal refers to a future state or condition which contributes to the fulfilment of the mission of the organisation, when they are realised. The goal is relatively more concrete than mission yet less concrete than objectives.
Objectives are derived from goals and are ordinary short-run, specific milestones towards goals.
ORGANISING: Organising is the process by which the structure and the allocation of jobs are determined. The organising function includes all managerial activities, which are undertaken to translate the required activities of plans into a structure of tasks and authority. The organising function includes four sub functions:
• Defining the nature and content of each job in the organisation.
• Determining the bases for grouping the job together.
• Deciding the size of group.
• Delegating authority to the assigned manager.
STAFFING: It is the process by which manager select, train, promote and retire subordinates. Staffing is concerned with entire human resource planning activities done by the managers.
DIRECTING: It is the process by which actual performance of subordinates is guided towards common goals by the managers. Supervising is one aspect of this function at lower levels of management.
COMMUNICATING: It is the process by which ideas are transmitted to other employee for the purpose of achieving a desired result for the organisation.
DECISION MAKING: It is the process by which a course of action is consciously chosen from available alternatives for the purpose of achieving desired result.
CONTROLLING: It is the process that measures current performance and guides it towards predetermined goal. The controlling function includes activities which manager undertake to assure that actual outcomes are consistent with planned outcomes. Three basic conditions must exit to undertake control:
• Corrective action
From the above discussion it is clear that functions of a manager directly emerge from the authority of his position.