Storms, a natural phenomenon caused by violent atmospheric disturbances occurring over land and water, represent a major potential threat to the entire population of the earth because of their prevalence, the size of areas devastated and the scale of the resulting damage. In short notice it occurs anytime and anywhere. That’s why when it comes, thousands of people lost their lives and property worth crores of rupees because storms affected agriculture, transport, communication, and electricity supply and many more things.
Types of Storm
There are several different types of storms distinguished by the strength and characteristics of atmospheric disturbances. These are tropical cyclones (typhoons and hurricanes), extra tropical cyclones (winter storms and blizzards), monsoon type storms, tornadoes and thunderstorms.
Certain violent winds affect limited areas and the names of those winds vary from country to country and are regarded as storms and it needs special preventive, protective and intervention measures.
Intervention and Rescue Measures
As soon as the risk of a major storm is identified through meteorological observations and forecasts, news bulletins from foreign stations or the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO), then national (meteorological services), regional and local services should take the appropriate protective measures to save lives and property of people. But, when it happens, the people don’t have to face it alone. The people can choose a storm damage services. A storm damage service has qualified disaster recovery team that has the expertise and experience required to minimize potential damage and secure your property. The quick response of storm damage services not only gives the people right help, but it can also result in lower storm damage repair costs and/or limited contents damage for business or home.
When the storm is imminent:
- Close aIl doors and windows and reinforce shutters and blinds with planks and panels that are solidly nailed on.
- Reinforce glass windows with stars or crosses of sticky tape.
- Move inside aIl furniture and other objects likely to be swept away by the wind or water.
- Avoid leaving the house or shelter and do not send the children to school.
- Do not use boats or motor vehicles. If in mid-journey, make your way to the nearest shelter as quickly as possible.
- Assemble cattle in the most solid barn but do not tie them up and leave them supplies of fodder and water.
- If no solidly built garage is available, park vehicles where they are sheltered from the wind, lower their windows, put on the hand-brake and, if possible, secure them to the ground.
If a storm is accompanied by lightning, we must take the following precautions:
- Do not take shelter under an isolated tree. If you are in a forest take shelter under a small tree. Do not lie on the ground.
- Do not take shelter under an umbrella with a metallic end.
- Do not sit near a window. Open garages, storage sheds, metal sheds are not safe places to take shelter.
- Car or a bus is a safe place to take shelter.
- If you are in water, get out and go inside a building.
After a storm
- Keep calm and do not panic.
- Stay at home or inside the building in which you have sheltered. Do not use vehicles because of traffic problems and danger from damaged buildings and roads.
- Listen to the radio and follow the authorities’ instructions. Only use the telephone in an emergency.
- Check to see if there are people nearby who are wounded or in difficulty and assist them.
- Do not go near, touch or use damaged electrical installations, cables and wires and alert the relevant authorities to the damage. The same applies to ruptured water or gas mains, sewers, hydrocarbon pipelines and reservoirs holding chemical substances.
- Drink water only after having boiled it or used chlorine tablets to purify it.
- In case of long electricity cuts regularly check the contents of refrigerating units and dispose of ruined foodstuffs.
- Collaborate, if required, with the rescue and assistance services and help with vital priority repairs and rehabilitation work.
During and after storm people usually so nervous that they do not take all these instructions carefully in use. But people should try to take all these instructions in use and protect themselves, their family and society. To normalise the life quickly, people should choose a storm damage services.